Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. With Type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood.
There are three main types of diabetes:
1) First type of diabetes:
First type of diabetes is an autoimmune disease leads to the inability of the pancreas for secretion of the hormone insulin.
2) Second Type of diabetes:
Type II diabetes is the most prevalent usually affects obese people in the age of forty and older. This type of diabetes occurs when the body's cells become less responsive to insulin action, in addition to the lack of insulin secretion from the pancreas later. This type of diabetes is a slow start and often a person is infected for several years before being discovered.
3) gestational diabetes:
It affects some pregnant women during the second half of pregnancy because of the placenta to the secretion of certain hormones that disrupt the work of insulin and thus lead to high blood sugar. You need to treat infected by injection of insulin during the pregnancy, and disappears when the majority of diabetes after giving birth.
In general, it may cause some of the symptoms of diabetes before discovering that, including frequent urination and the accompanying thirst unfamiliar. Also lead to high blood sugar by weight and lack of exhaustion and general fatigue, or frequent infections. the symptoms are mild as not to attract the attention of the person to discover that the disease is a result of the laboratory examination of blood.
In other cases, less common, you may discover a person with type I diabetes (and often in children) when the sudden emergence of symptoms of vomiting and abdominal pain and exhaustion and rapid breathing. These symptoms indicate a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis acid, a condition requiring immediate hospital treatment.
- The lack of the hormone insulin.
- A lack of the hormone insulin in blood.
- The ineffectiveness of the hormone insulin.
Make sure the patient with diabetes injured in a multiple instances to be:
- Blood sugar levels higher than 126 mg / dl after fasting at least 8 hours.
- Blood sugar levels higher than 200 mg / dL at any time with the presence of symptoms of diabetes.
- Blood sugar levels higher than 200 mg / dL two hours after eating a special diabetes solution containing 75 grams of sugar.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed in similar ways but with different sugar levels required in the event of fasting.
There are three main types of diabetes:
Insulin therapy is designed to compensate for the lack of this hormone responsible to maintain the balance of sugar in the blood. Insulin is available in several types of multiple properties, including the doctor chooses what suits the patient's condition
Second: oral medications
They are several types, some of which increases the body's sensitivity to insulin, some of which increases the secretion of insulin from the pancreas, some of which reduces sugar absorption from the gut.
Third: drugs by injection
There are modern drugs used for second type of diabetes are injected under the skin and is not Insulin.
Fourth: Insulin Pump
Insulin pumps are an option for patients with diabetes provides a flexible and easy to control insulin doses. They are working to pump small amounts of insulin around the clock (basic insulin) and enables the patient to inject additional insulin doses with meals.
Acute complications - fast occurrence:
- Low blood sugar than normal
- High blood sugar than normal
- Appearance of diabetic ketoacidosis acid By a severe increase in blood sugar with the appearance of ketones in the urine
Chronic complications - slow occurrence:
- Complications of diabetes on the eye
- Diabetic Foot
- Complications of cardiovascular
- Complications of kidney
- The impact of oral health